Society and Culture Publications

U.S. Immigration and the Environment
U.S. Immigration and the Environment Exploding U.S. population levels were a primary concern among enivronmentalists at the birth of the movement in the 1970s, but those roots have all but withered. Unfortunately, the national environmental movement will no longer talk about U.S. population, let alone immigration’s role. Many staff and volunteers for environmental organizations know little of the history and are reluctant to acknowledge the impact of immigration on the nation’s carrying capacity.

The Elephant in the Classroom: Mass Immigration's Impact on Public Education
The Elephant in the Classroom: Mass Immigration's Impact on Public Education Public school districts across the United States are suffering under a massive unfunded mandate imposed by the federal government: the requirement to educate millions of illegal aliens, the school age children of illegal aliens, refugees and legal immigrant students. The struggle to fund programs for students with Limited English Proficiency (LEP), sometimes called English Language Learners (ELL), represents a major drain on school budgets. Yet due to political correctness, it is taboo to raise the issue even though scarce resources are redirected away from American citizens to support programs like English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) and English as a Second Language (ESL).

The Role of State and Local Governments in Immigration Enforcement
The Role of State and Local Governments in Immigration Enforcement As the American dream becomes increasingly elusive for U.S. citizens, state and local lawmakers have a decision to make. They can stand back and watch as America's immigration system is systematically undermined by non-enforcement policies and special interests, or they can stand up and look for solutions to help maintain the rule of law and institute policies that guarantee fairness and opportunity for all Americans.

Illegal Immigration and Agribusiness (2013)
Illegal Immigration and Agribusiness (2013) Over the past several decades, the agribusiness industry has grown increasingly dependent on a steady supply of workers who have entered the country illegally. It has consistently opposed an immigration policy that would result in a legal workforce. Their position is that current hiring practices are crucial for the survival of the industry. In this study, we explore the impact on profits of commercial farms if the increased labor costs are absorbed by the producers and the consequent effect on overall farm business.

Immigration: Fueling U.S. Income Inequality (2013)
Immigration: Fueling U.S. Income Inequality (2013) Immigration — especially illegal immigration — has fueled the nation's rapidly increasing income inequality. Legal immigration adds both high-wage earners and low-wage earners and contributes to a shrinking middle class. Illegal immigration adds low-wage workers and thereby dampens job opportunities and wages for competing U.S. workers. The educational and English language deficits of illegal aliens relegate them to low-wage work regardless of legal status. A study of 1986 amnesty beneficiaries showed that five years after receiving legal status most had not risen above their previous low-wage work and a majority had lost ground compared to other workers. These findings are directly applicable to the debate over another amnesty.

A Change of Plans: Rethinking Rapid Growth in a Finite World
A Change of Plans: Rethinking Rapid Growth in a Finite World Americans have been conditioned to believe that population growth is always an indicator of economic prosperity, and that communities must grow in size to maintain their vitality. Locally powerful special interests like the real estate and construction industries promote and reinforce this idea. They lobby intensely for pro-growth initiatives that funnel tax money into development projects that benefit only a small minority of well-connected elites. This report demonstrates that growth in size is not an effective way to promote economic wellbeing, and that the policies cities use to promote growth harm the economy even further.

Selling America Short: The Failure of the EB-5 Visa Program (2012)
Selling America Short: The Failure of the EB-5 Visa Program (2012) The Employment Based 5th Preference (EB-5) Visa, also known as the Immigrant Investor Program, was established by Congress in 1990 to grant foreign nationals legal permanent residency (LPR) status for investing in the U.S. and creating jobs for at least two years (INA §203(b)(5)).

Recent Demographic Change in Arizona: Anatomy of Effective Immigration Reform Legislation (2012)
Recent Demographic Change in Arizona: Anatomy of Effective Immigration Reform Legislation (2012) Arizona policymakers have achieved notable success in their objective of deterring illegal immigration. Their achievements include a reduction in the illegal alien population and, as a consequence, a saving in related state and local expenditures. Census data and federal government estimates reveal a major shift in recent arrival and departure of aliens with related drops in low income families, births, limited English speakers in school and in crime -- to name just a few of the changes.

Jobs Americans Can't Do? The Myth of a Skilled Worker Shortage (2011)
Jobs Americans Can't Do? The Myth of a Skilled Worker Shortage (2011) Skilled guest worker programs are being abused by employers, putting many Americans out of work and denying opportunities to millions of others. Even with unemployment at a 30-year high, corporate executives who use foreign workers to suppress wages in the tech industry have found support on Capitol Hill and in the White House. It goes against all sense of fairness, and it is astounding to realize, that Americans are being denied job opportunities while at the same time politicians are calling for the expansion of guest worker programs that will exacerbate this problem.

Immigration, Poverty and Low-Wage Earners: The Harmful Effects of Unskilled Immigrants on American Workers (2011)
Immigration, Poverty and Low-Wage Earners: The Harmful Effects of Unskilled Immigrants on American Workers (2011) Today’s immigration system is dysfunctional because it is not responsive to the socioeconomic conditions of the country. Only a small share of legally admitted immigrants is sponsored by employers while the bulk are admitted because of family ties to earlier immigrants who may be living in poverty or near poverty. As a result, immigration contributes to an already-existing surplus of low-skilled workers, increasing job competition and driving down wages and conditions to the detriment of American workers. The presence of a large illegal workforce perpetuates a vicious cycle as degraded work conditions discourage Americans from seeking these jobs and make employers more dependent on an illegal foreign workforce. America’s massive low-skill labor force and illegal alien population allow employers to offer low pay and deplorable conditions.

Amnesty and the American Worker
Amnesty and the American Worker Unemployment is at its highest level in 27 years. Since the current recession began in 2007, the U.S. economy has lost over 8.4 million jobs, the largest drop since the Great Depression. According to February 2010 Census Bureau figures, 13.2 million native-born workers were unemployed -- not including those Americans who have been forced to work part-time, taken temporary work, or who have given up looking for work altogether. At the same time, there are an estimated 7.5 million illegal aliens in the U.S. workforce.

Paving the Road to Amnesty
Paving the Road to Amnesty As President Obama closes the books on his first year in office, his record, as opposed to his rhetoric, now defines his political agenda. During 2009, President Obama's record on immigration policy points to certain inescapable conclusions. The overriding objectives of this administration are to enact a massive amnesty for current illegal aliens and vastly expand future flows of immigration to the United States.

Amnesty and Joblessness
Amnesty and Joblessness With the recent official unemployment rate of 10.2 percent, American workers are now facing the worst job market in 25 years. In fact, over the past 60 years, the unemployment rate has rarely been as high as it is today. Despite a difficult job market, President Obama and leaders in Congress are talking about passing so-called "comprehensive immigration reform" legislation. This legislation would give amnesty to 12 million or more illegal aliens, including an estimated 8.3 million illegal aliens who hold jobs they never should have had, and could include a proposed new guest-worker provision to import hundreds of thousands of additional foreign workers.

Who Represents Illegal Aliens? (2008)
Who Represents Illegal Aliens? (2008) The distribution of seats in the U.S. House of Representatives counts illegal aliens and other nonimmigrants. This results in unequal representation of U.S. citizens as well as influencing the composition of the Electoral College that selects the President. A more appropriate distribution would be on the basis of the number of native-born and naturalized U.S. citizens.

Immigration and Rising Income Inequality (2007)
Immigration and Rising Income Inequality (2007) Income inequality is rising rapidly in the United States along with the rapid rise in immigration, especially illegal immigration. Any realistic focus on reversing the trend in rising income inequality will be addressing symptoms — rather than a root cause — if it ignores the role of immigration and temporary foreign workers flooding into the country.

Illegal Aliens and Crime Incidence (2007)
Illegal Aliens and Crime Incidence (2007) Illegal aliens are more than half again as likely to be incarcerated for crimes as the rest of the population. This fact underscores the urgent need for Congress and the Bush Administration to regain control of our borders and enforce laws against illegal immigration, and it demonstrates why local communities are actively trying to discourage illegal alien settlement.