Immigration Issues

State Cost Studies

The Fiscal Burden of Illegal Immigration on California Taxpayers (2014)
The Fiscal Burden of Illegal Immigration on California Taxpayers (2014) Californians bear an enormous fiscal burden as a result of an illegal alien population estimated at almost 3 million residents. The annual expenditure of state and local tax dollars on services for that population is $25.3 billion. That total amounts to a yearly burden of about $2,370 for a household headed by a U.S. citizen.

The Fiscal Burden of Illegal Immigration on North Carolinians (2014)
The Fiscal Burden of Illegal Immigration on North Carolinians (2014) Illegal immigration cost North Carolina taxpayers more than $2 billion annually. That amounts to $578 annually for every North Carolina household headed by a native-born or naturalized U.S. citizen. The taxes paid by illegal aliens — estimated at less than $300 million per year — do not come close to paying for those outlays, and are not a true offset in any case. The burden on the state's taxpayers would not be alleviated by adoption of an amnesty, but could be compounded if it attracted a new surge of illegal immigration as did the amnesty in 1986.

The Fiscal Burden of Illegal Immigration on Texans (2014)
The Fiscal Burden of Illegal Immigration on Texans (2014) In 2013, illegal immigration cost Texas taxpayers about $12.1 billion annually. That amounts to more than $1,197 for every Texas household headed by a native-born or naturalized U.S. citizen. The taxes paid by illegal aliens — estimated at $1.27 billion per year — do not come close to paying for those outlays, but we include an estimate of revenue from sales taxes, property taxes, alcohol taxes, and cigarette taxes.

The Fiscal Burden of Illegal Aliens on New Mexicans (2013)
The Fiscal Burden of Illegal Aliens on New Mexicans (2013) New Mexicans bear a fiscal burden of about $717 million per year in outlays due to an estimated 100,000 illegal alien residents and their U.S.-born children. Those outlays are in large part due to the education of an estimated 6,700 illegal alien students and an additional 30,170 U.S.-born children of illegal aliens. Their K-12 cost is about $438 million, and an additional $54 million is spent on their separate English instruction. Other costs relate to medical services, policing, courts and incarceration as well as some welfare programs for the U.S.-born children of illegal aliens. That fiscal burden has been growing as the size of the illegal alien population has grown. The annual outlay amounts to about $1,000 per household headed by a U.S. citizen.

The Fiscal Burden of Illegal Aliens on Oregonians (2012)
The Fiscal Burden of Illegal Aliens on Oregonians (2012) The fiscal burden on Oregon’s taxpayers resulting from an estimated 170,000 illegal immigrants and their U.S.-born children cost state’s taxpayers an estimated $1 billion per year. That fiscal cost results from regular K-12 public schooling plus supplemental English instruction, medical services, policing, courts and incarceration as well as some welfare programs for the U.S.-born children of illegal aliens. That fiscal burden has been growing as the size of the illegal alien population has grown. The annual outlay amounts to about $730 for each household headed by a U.S. citizen.

The Fiscal Burden of Illegal Aliens on Washingtonians (2012)
The Fiscal Burden of Illegal Aliens on Washingtonians (2012) Washington's estimated 275,000 illegal immigrants and their U.S.-born children cost state’s taxpayers about $2.7 billion per year. That cost results from regular K-12 public schooling plus supplemental English instruction, medical services, policing, courts and incarceration as well as some welfare programs for the U.S.-born children of illegal aliens. The fiscal burden on Washingtonians has been growing as the size of the illegal alien population has grown. The fiscal burden translates into an annual fiscal burden of about $970 for each household headed by a U.S. citizen.

The Cost of Illegal Immigration to Marylanders (2012)
The Cost of Illegal Immigration to Marylanders (2012) Maryland's estimated 295,000 illegal immigrant population costs state taxpayers about $1.9 billion per year. That cost results from K-12 education of illegal aliens and the children of illegal aliens, medical care, and incarceration of illegal aliens. The fiscal burden on Marylanders is clearly growing as the size of the illegal alien population has risen rapidly. This fiscal burden translates into an annual fiscal burden of about $910 for each household headed by a U.S. citizen Marylander.

The Costs Of Illegal Immigration To Ohioans (2012)
The Costs Of Illegal Immigration To Ohioans (2012) Ohio's estimated 110,000 illegal immigrant population costs state taxpayers in 2012 about $880 million per year. That cost results from K-12 education of illegal aliens and the children of illegal aliens, medical care, social welfare and incarceration of illegal aliens. The fiscal burden on Ohioans is clearly growing as the size of the illegal alien population has risen rapidly. This fiscal burden translates into an annual fiscal outlay of about $200 for each household headed by a U.S. citizen.

The Fiscal Burden of Illegal Immigration on U.S. Taxpayers (2010)
The Fiscal Burden of Illegal Immigration on U.S. Taxpayers (2010) Illegal immigration costs federal and local taxpayers $113 billion a year. That is an average cost to native-headed households of $1,117 a year. This pioneering study brings together data and estimates of the fiscal cost resulting from federal, state and local expenditures on illegal aliens and their U.S.-born children. Separate estimates are available for each state. Copies by mail are $25.

The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Pennsylvanians (2009)
The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Pennsylvanians (2009) Pennsylvania's illegal immigrant population of an estimated 140,000 persons costs state taxpayers in 2008 at least $728 million per year. That cost results from K-12 education of illegal aliens and the children of illegal aliens, medical care, and incarceration of illegal aliens. The fiscal burden on Pennsylvanians is clearly growing as the size of the illegal alien population has rapidly risen. The $728 million outlay translates into an annual fiscal burden of about $150 for each household headed by a native-born Pennsylvanian. Copies by mail are $12.50.

The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Virginians (2009)
The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Virginians (2009) In 2008, Virginia's illegal immigrant population of an estimated 295,000 persons costs state taxpayers at least $1.7 billion per year. That cost results from K-12 education of illegal aliens and the children of illegal aliens, medical care and incarceration of illegal aliens. The data in this study clearly establish a growing fiscal burden on Virginians as the size of the illegal alien population has been rising rapidly. The outlay of $1.7 billion annually translates into a fiscal burden of about $625 for each Virginia household headed by a native-born resident. However, the illegal alien population is largely a problem in the state's northern counties and has developed as employers and enablers of the illegal aliens have created a climate that draws them to that area. Copies by mail are $12.50.

The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Nevadans (2009)
The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Nevadans (2009) Nevada has a rapidly growing illegal alien population of about 210,000 persons. While the state's native-born population has grown since 2000 by 24 percent, the foreign-born population has grown by 61 percent. In 2008, the foreign-born population in Nevada represented nearly one in every five residents (19.6%), and illegal aliens constitute nearly one in every twelve residents (8.1%). FAIR estimates that the annual fiscal burden on Nevada taxpayers associated with illegal immigration to be about $630 million. This equates to an annual average cost of about $763 per native-born headed household in the state. In addition, there is a cost to the state's economy resulting from remittances sent abroad that amounted to $618 million in 2006.

The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Floridians (2009)
The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Floridians (2009) In 2008, Florida's illegal immigrant population of an estimated 950,000 persons costs state taxpayers more than $3.8 billion per year. The $3.8 billion annual price tag covers only the costs of K-12 education, medical care and incarceration of illegal aliens who have committed other crimes in Florida. According to the latest analysis by FAIR, the costs to Floridians more than doubled between 2005 and 2008. The data in this study clearly establish that the fiscal burden on Floridians like the size of the illegal alien population has been rising rapidly. The outlay of $3.8 billion annually translates into a fiscal burden of about $678 for each Florida household headed by a native-born resident. Copies by mail are $12.50.

The Costs of Illegal Immigration to North Carolinians (2008)
The Costs of Illegal Immigration to North Carolinians (2008) The annual fiscal burden on North Carolina taxpayers from illegal immigration is more than $1.3 billion. That's an outlay of about $388 per native-born headed household each year. In addition, the state's economy is hampered by another $1.2 billion in remittances sent abroad. Even allowing for tax collections from illegal aliens, the net cost remains more than $1 billion annually.

The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Georgians (2008)
The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Georgians (2008) Georgia has a fast growing illegal alien population estimated at about 495,000 persons, and the fiscal burden on Georgians resulting from public services used by that population are similarly growing rapidly. This rapid rise in Georgia's illegal alien population has prompted the state legislature to take action to discourage illegal immigrant settlement in the state, but it remains to be seen to what extent the state's action when fully implemented will reverse the growth trend.

The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Coloradans (2008)
The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Coloradans (2008) Colorado has a fast growing illegal alien population of about 270,000 persons, and the fiscal burden on Coloradans resulting from public services used by that population amounts to nearly $1.1 billion per year -- that's a burden of about $520 per native-born headed household. In addition, there is a cost to the state's economy of roughly $730 million to $1 billion resulting from remittances sent abroad rather than invested in the local economy.

The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Iowans (2007)
The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Iowans (2007) Analysis based on an estimated 55,000 illegal alien population residing in Iowa indicates that they cost the state's taxpayers more than $241 million per year for education, medical care and incarceration.

The Costs of Illegal Immigration to New Jerseyites (2007)
The Costs of Illegal Immigration to New Jerseyites (2007) Illegal aliens cost New Jersey more than $2.1 billion annually. This may explain why the state is suffering, as Governor Jon Corzine admitted, "one of the worst tax burdens in the United States." In this new report FAIR analyzes public expenditures for education, medical care, and incarceration for the estimated 372,000 illegal aliens residing in the state. Copies by mail are $12.50.

The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Tennesseeans (2007)
The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Tennesseeans (2007) Analysis based on an estimated 100,000 illegal alien population residing in Tennessee indicates that they cost the state's taxpayers more than $285 million per year for education, medical care and incarceration.

The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Illinoisans (2007)
The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Illinoisans (2007) Analysis based on current estimates of the illegal alien population residing in Illinois indicates that they cost the state's taxpayers more than $3.5 billion per year for education, medical care and incarceration. Copies by mail are $12.50.

The Costs of Illegal Immigration to New Yorkers (2006)
The Costs of Illegal Immigration to New Yorkers (2006) Analysis based on current estimates of the illegal alien population residing in New York indicates that population is costing the state's taxpayers more than $5.1 billion per year for education, medical care and incarceration. That annual tax burden amounts to about $874 per New York household headed by a native-born resident. Copies by mail are $12.50.

The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Texans (2005)
The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Texans (2005) Public services to illegal immigrants cost Texas taxpayers more than $4.7 billion each year. That amount includes only expenditures for education, emergency medical care and incarceration, so the costs would be significantly higher if expenditures on other programs such as special English instruction, law enforcement, translations, etc. were included. This study indicates that the burden on Texans is substantial - about $725 per native-headed household - and that the costs are rapidly increasing.

The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Californians (2004)
The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Californians (2004) Current Census Bureau data indicate that California's illegal immigrant population is costing the state's taxpayers more than $10 billion per year in 2004. This analysis looks specifically at the costs of education, medical care and incarceration, which are the major cost categories. Even without accounting for all of the other areas in which costs are being incurred by California's taxpayers, this study indicates that the burden is substantial -- nearly $1,200 per native-headed household -- and that the costs are rapidly increasing.

The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Arizonans (2004)
The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Arizonans (2004) The latest Census data indicates that Arizona's illegal immigrant population is costing the state's taxpayers about $1.3 billion per year. This analysis looks specifically at the costs of education, medical care and incarceration because they represent the largest cost areas. Even without accounting for all of the multitude of areas in which costs are being incurred by Arizona taxpayers, the programs analyzed in this study indicate that the burden is substantial and that the costs are rapidly increasing.